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Methodology

Competence profiles are the main reference for a demand-driven VET system. They are key input for: curriculum development, teaching and training material development, design of teacher training programmes, design and equipment of laboratories and workshops, skills testing and certification. Furthermore, competence profiles are an important tool for vocational guidance and orientation as well as for placement services and wage policies.

 

A competence profile is a matrix that includes functional duties and work tasks, as well as general knowledge and skills, work tools, equipment and materials, worker behaviours and future trends in the field, necessary to perform job activities according to specific on-the-job requirements.

 

Development of competence profiles

Competence profiles development workshop

 

Competence profiles are developed together with highly skilled job practitioners from Moldovan companies using an international method of job analysis called DACUM (Develop A CUrriculuM).

DACUM is a handy, efficient, and low cost tool for analysing and describing occupational requirements/skills and transfer them into a specific matrix format (DACUM Chart).

 

In a 3-day workshop a group of “expert workers" (practitioners experienced in a certain occupation) together with professional DACUM facilitators develop a competence profile (DACUM chart) containing a clear description of the duties and tasks, knowledge and skills, tools and materials as well as worker behaviors and future trends in a certain occupation.

 

The DACUM competence profiles offer a considerable input for the development of test items (a minimum of 100 theoretical and practical test items per occupation) to be used in competence assessments.

 

Click here to access a more detailed description of the DACUM approach.

 

Benchmarking of competence profiles

 

In order to enhance the quality of the product, the developed competence profile is benchmarked against a number of international profiles.

On the one hand, the practitioners have the opportunity to check the completeness of the developed competence profiles; on the other hand, they can get an idea of the professional competences held by their colleagues abroad.

 

Verification and validation of competence profiles

 

Even though, the DACUM workshop group discussion is an ongoing verification of each task and duty, the development process is not completed once the workshop is over. The duties and tasks identified by the workshop expert workers are verified by interviewing 40+ similar workers and their immediate supervisors. Those interviewed are asked to rate the importance of each task and how difficult it is to learn to perform it. These ratings are essential information for identifying tasks that are both important and difficult to learn. These tasks become the focus of curriculum development.

 

IFCP has developed competence profiles for the following occupations: WELDER, PASTRY COOK, PLASTERER, TEXTILE CUTTER, SEAMSTRESS, COOK, HOUSE PAINTER, and TRACTOR OPERATOR.

 

To access a competence profile for “plasterer” occupation, click here...